Corruption is one of the crimes that swindle the entire economic system hampering the growth and development of a country. Transparency international has released a research paper on the impact of corruption in the fastest growing economies of the world (i.e) asia pacific countries. Transparency international’s global corruption barometer (GCB) Asia has conducted survey in 17 different asian countries in which nearly 20,000 citizens have contributed their views.
This is one of the most important and largest surveys on bribery and corruption conducted by the organisation and it throws light on vote-buying around elections, sextortion and the use of personal authority to obtain access to education and health care. The asia pacific region has been cruely hit by the COVID-19 pandemic and as a result of which the countries are exposed to tremendous socio and economic issues. The following are the outcomes of the survey.
- 38% of the citizens believe that corruption is increasing whereas 28% think it is constant
- 61% of people think that their government handles corruption efficiently while 32% believe parliamentarians and senators are part of the corruption
- 62% (greater than 3 in 5) believe strongly that ordinary people can make a significant difference /contribution against corruption.
- Almost 1 in 5 people who used public service in the last 12 months paid a bribe which totals to 836 mn citizens
- For the past 5 years, one in seven people is offered bribes in exchange of votes at national, regional or local elections.
Transparency international suggests the following recommendations based on its research.
- Protecting the political system against kleptocracy and politicised public sectors
- Election commissions and the anti-corruption agencies should work hand in hand in preventing vote buying
- Citizens should be provided the right to easy access of information, public disclosures& political financing should be transparent
- The citizens should be ensured that corruption and bribery should be reported without any fear
- Identification of sexual extortion or sextortion as a new form of corruption
- Enhancing the merit based recruitment process in public services and re structuring of their salary packages would block bribery and favouritism amongst government officials
- The independence of the anti corruption bodies should be extended as per the UN Convention against Corruption
Author: Rajashree, MBA, CAMI
(PonSun AML Academy)